Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) in India


The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) is a national agency run by the Government of India. IRDA is based in Hyderabad and was formed by an act of Indian Parliament called as IRDA Act of 1999. Considering some of the emerging requirements of the Indian insurance industry, IRDA was amended in 2002. As stated in the act mission of IRDA is "to protect the interests of the policyholders, to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the insurance industry and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto." Indian insurance industry is regulated by the terms and conditions of the IRDA.

Indian law has certain expectations from the IRDA to perform in the Indian insurance industry. IRDA should protect the interest of policyholders by ensuring fair treatment by the insurance companies. The growth of insurance companies in a speedy and orderly manner should be taken care by the IRDA. It should monitor and implement quality competence and fair dealing of the insurance companies in the industry. IRDA should make sure that the insurers are providing precise and correct information about the products offered by them for the insurance customers. IRDA should also ensure speedy settlement of genuine claims of the policyholders and prevent malpractices in the process of claims settlement.

According to the Section 14 of IRDA Act of 1999 there are certain duties, powers and functions laid down for the IRDA and they are as follows:

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and any other law for the time being in force, the Authority shall have the duty to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the insurance business and re-insurance business.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the powers and functions of the Authority shall include,

Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) in India consists a Chairman and some permanent and part time members in the administration. However, the regulations are enacted under the guidance of a statutory advisory committee. IRDA regulates private insurance companies in India such as;